Please select your home edition
Edition
Selden

NSF awards contract to group led by WHOI to continue operation of Ocean Observatories Initiative

by WHOI 22 Sep 2018 13:56 UTC
The research vessel Neil Armstrong arrived to recover a surface mooring that is part of the OOI Global Array in the Irminger Sea south of Greenland in 2016 © James Kuo / WHOI

The National Science Foundation (NSF) announced that it has awarded a coalition of academic and oceanographic research organizations a five-year, $220 million contract to operate and maintain the Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI).

The coalition, led by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), with direction from the NSF and guidance from the OOI Facilities Board, will include the University of Washington (UW), Oregon State University (OSU), and Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.

The OOI is an advanced system of integrated, scientific platforms and sensors that measure physical, chemical, geological, and biological properties and processes from the seafloor to the sea surface in key coastal and open-ocean sites of the Atlantic and Pacific. The facility was designed to address critical questions about the Earth-ocean system, including climate change, ecosystem variability, ocean acidification, plate-scale seismicity and submarine volcanoes, and carbon cycling with the goal of better understanding the ocean and our planet. All OOI data are freely available online.

Each institution will continue to operate and maintain the portion of OOI assets for which it is currently responsible: WHOI will operate the Pioneer Array off the Northeast U.S. coast and the Global Arrays in the Irminger Sea off the southern tip of Greenland and at Station Papa in the Gulf of Alaska; UW will operate the Regional Cabled Array that extends across the Juan de Fuca tectonic plate and overlying ocean; OSU will operate the Endurance Array off the coast of Washington and Oregon; and Rutgers will operate the cyberinfrastructure system that ingests and delivers data for the initiative. In addition, WHOI will serve as the home of a new OOI Project Management Office.

"We at NSF are proud of our continuing investment in 24/7 streaming data from the ocean and coupled earth systems," said William Easterling, NSF Assistant Director for Geosciences. "From underwater volcanoes to ocean currents, OOI enables cutting-edge scientific discoveries and makes big data accessible to classrooms at all levels. These data are key to addressing everyday challenges, such as better storm predictions and management of our coastal resources."

The OOI officially launched in 2009, when NSF and the Consortium for Ocean Leadership (COL) signed a cooperative agreement to support the construction and initial operation of OOI's cabled, coastal, and global arrays. The launch represented the culmination of work begun decades earlier, when ocean scientists in the 1980s envisioned a collection of outposts in the ocean that would gather data around the clock, in real- and near-real time for years on-end and enhance the scientific community's ability to observe complex oceanographic processes that occur and evolve over time scales ranging from seconds to decades and spatial scales ranging from inches to miles.

The OOI currently supports more than 500 autonomous instruments on the seafloor and on moored and free-swimming platforms that are serviced during regular, ship-based expeditions to the array sites. Data from each instrument is transmitted to shore, where it is freely available to users worldwide, including members of the scientific community, policy experts, decision-makers, educators, and the general public.

"OOI is transforming ocean science and we are pleased to take on this new leadership role to ensure that the initiative continues to serve both the science community and the public," said WHOI President and Director Mark Abbott. "We look forward to continuing to work with NSF and our partners toward the success of the initiative as part of a growing global network of ocean observing systems."

The Project Management Office, which is a new addition to WHOI's role in the overall operation of the OOI, will report directly to NSF and will provide high-level oversight and financial management of the project. In addition, the office will coordinate with partner institutions to establish annual priorities for each of the arrays individually and for the network as a whole. "The Project Management Office represents a new set of challenges for us," said WHOI Senior Scientist John Trowbridge, lead principal investigator on the OOI. "But it also presents incredible opportunity for us and for our partners to advance our ability to observe, study, and understand the ocean."

WHOI will also continue to operate two Global Scale Arrays and the Coastal Pioneer Array. The Pioneer Array spans a persistent ocean front on the continental shelf and slope south of New England, a dynamic region where complex physical processes control the exchange of nutrients and other properties between the coast and the deep ocean that strongly influence coastal ecosystems. One of the Global sites is in the Irminger Sea south of Greenland, a key location in the global ocean circulation system known as the "great conveyer belt." The other Global site, at "Station Papa" in the Northeast Pacific, has been the focus of continuous scientific observation since 1949 and is an important location for intensive, multidisciplinary studies to improve understanding of critical ocean processes such as ocean acidification.

"WHOI is very excited to continue operation of the Global and Pioneer Arrays," said WHOI physical oceanographer and OOI Project Scientist Al Plueddemann. "These and the other sites are motivating new science on their own and also contributing to increased collaboration among ocean scientists funded by NSF and other agencies."

Related Articles

The long memory of the Pacific Ocean
Historical cooling periods are still playing out in the deep Pacific The ocean has a long memory. When the water in today's deep Pacific Ocean last saw sunlight, Charlemagne was the Holy Roman Emperor, the Song Dynasty ruled China and Oxford University had just held its very first class. Posted on 8 Jan
Sea level rises along U.S. East Coast
Why is it faster in some places compared to others? Sea levels are rising globally from ocean warming and melting of land ice, but the seas aren't rising at the same rate everywhere. Sea levels have risen significantly faster in some U.S. East Coast regions compared to others. Posted on 23 Dec 2018
Coral Larvae use sound to find a home on the reef
Choosing a place to call home is one of the most consequential choices a coral can make Choosing a place to call home is one of the most consequential choices a coral can make. In the animal's larval stage, it floats freely in the ocean—but once it settles down, it anchors itself permanently to the rocky substrate of a reef Posted on 15 Dec 2018
Greenland is melting faster than ever
Melt 'off the charts' compared with past four centuries Surface melting across Greenland's mile-thick ice sheet began increasing in the mid-19th century and then ramped up dramatically during the 20th and early 21st centuries, showing no signs of abating, according to new research published Dec. 5, 2018 Posted on 8 Dec 2018
Flounder now tumor-free in Boston Harbor
More than three-quarters of the winter flounder caught in Boston Harbor In the late 1980s, more than three-quarters of the winter flounder caught in Boston Harbor—one of the most polluted harbors in America—showed signs of liver disease, many of them with cancerous tumors. Posted on 29 Nov 2018
Acidification may reduce sea scallop fisheries
Fishermen harvest more than $500 million worth of Atlantic sea scallops Each year, fishermen harvest more than $500 million worth of Atlantic sea scallops from the waters off the east coast of the United States. A new model created by scientists at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). Posted on 23 Sep 2018
Natural climate oscillations in North Atlantic
Warming global climate is melting the second largest ice sheet in the world Scientists have known for years that warming global climate is melting the Greenland Ice Sheet, the second largest ice sheet in the world. Posted on 19 Sep 2018
WHOI-Keck Real Time 3-D Acoustic Telescope
A first-of-its-kind acoustic telescope is under development A first-of-its-kind acoustic telescope is under development at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), funded by a $1 million grant from the W.M. Keck Foundation, that will permit researchers to map and study the underwater soundscape. Posted on 3 Sep 2018
Following the fresh water
Fingerprint of ancient abrupt climate change found in Arctic A research team led by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) found the fingerprint of a massive flood of fresh water in the western Arctic, thought to be the cause of an ancient cold snap that began around 13,000 years ago. Posted on 15 Jul 2018
Geologic History of Ayeyawady River Delta mapped
Ayeyawady River delta in Myanmar is home to millions of people The Ayeyawady River delta in Myanmar is home to millions of people, and is a hub of agricultural activity. Unlike other large rivers across the world, however, the Ayeyawady has been relatively untouched by large infrastructure and dam projects Posted on 14 Jun 2018
Marine Resources BOTTOMZhik 2018 Yacht 728x90 BOTTOM